The Philippines, officially called the Republic of the Philippines or RP, is an archipelagic nation located in Southeast Asia, with Manila as its capital city. The Philippine Archipelago comprises 7,107 islands in the western Pacific Ocean. It is a part of the Malay Archipelago, the largest in the world. It stretches from the southern part of China to the northern tip of Borneo. Its area is about 300,000 sq. km. (116,000 sq. mi.).